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Election Laws

Title 11 - COUNTIES AND MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS

  • Title 2 PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS ONLY
    • Chapter 46 - ELECTIONS
      Article 1 General Provisions
      • Section 11-46-1 Municipalities may provide for election, compensation, bond, etc., of officers.
      • Section 11-46-2 Establishment of qualification fee for candidates for office.
      • Section 11-46-3 Primary elections by political parties and partisan elections abolished in municipalities having 300,000 inhabitants or less.
      • Section 11-46-4 Identification of electors eligible to vote; municipality, county contracts; official poll list.
      • Section 11-46-5 Date of elections in certain municipalities.
      • Section 11-46-6 Date of elections in certain Class 5 municipalities.
      • Section 11-46-7 Polling places for municipal elections in Class 1 municipalities.
      • Section 11-46-8 Election of mayor and members of city council in Class 1 municipalities.
      • Section 11-46-9 Election commission in Class 1 municipality.
      Article 2 Elections in Certain Cities or Towns Having Mayor-Council Form of Government
      • Section 11-46-20 Cities and towns governed by article; costs of elections; standard of time applicable; effect of legal holidays or closing days.
      • Section 11-46-21 Time of elections; notice; assumption of duties by elected officers.
      • Section 11-46-22 Notice of elections.
      • Section 11-46-23 Authority and procedure for adjustment of boundary lines of wards, division of wards into voting districts, etc.
      • Section 11-46-24 Designating and equipping voting places; election officials; canvass returns.
      • Section 11-46-24.1 Designation of voting places in Class 8 municipalities by combination of districts and wards.
      • Section 11-46-25 Ballots; statements of candidacy; withdrawal of candidacy.
      • Section 11-46-26 Proceedings where only one candidate or nominee for office.
      • Section 11-46-27 Appointment, compensation, etc., of election officers.
      • Section 11-46-28 Polling place hours; duties of election officers; challenger; deletion of absentee voter applicants from voter list; preservation of order.
      • Section 11-46-29 Appointment of election officers upon failure of others to attend polls.
      • Section 11-46-30 Schools for instruction of election officials in use of voting machines; qualifications and certification of election officials.
      • Section 11-46-31 Exhibition of voting machines for voter instruction and information; diagrams furnished with voting machines.
      • Section 11-46-32 Election supplies.
      • Section 11-46-33 Duties of clerk as to voting machines.
      • Section 11-46-34 Voting booths.
      • Section 11-46-35 Watchers.
      • Section 11-46-36 Preparation, certification, filing, and publication of lists of qualified regular voters.
      • Section 11-46-37 Preparation, etc., of lists of qualified voters upon disqualification of mayor, etc.
      • Section 11-46-38 Electors to vote in wards or precincts of residence, etc.; qualifications for voting.
      • Section 11-46-39 Oath and identification of voters challenged; voting procedure where paper ballots used.
      • Section 11-46-40 Assistance of disabled electors generally.
      • Section 11-46-41 Forms of oaths to be taken by and for challenged voters; penalty for false oath; refusal to take oath.
      • Section 11-46-42 Number of electors allowed in polling place; time limit, etc., for occupation of booth.
      • Section 11-46-43 Right of secret ballot; write-in voting prohibited.
      • Section 11-46-44 Votes not to be counted until polls closed; disposition of poll lists and affidavits; counting of ballots.
      • Section 11-46-45 Preparation of statements of vote; certification, sealing, and delivery of statements and poll lists; packaging of ballots; sealing and delivery of ballot boxes.
      • Section 11-46-46 Delivery of returns, etc.; retention and destruction of ballot boxes; opening of ballot boxes.
      • Section 11-46-47 Delivery, examination, and identification of keys to voting machines; examination of counters, ballots, etc.; certification as to keys, counters, and ballots; opening of machines and polls.
      • Section 11-46-48 Provision of election materials and supplies; preparation of lighting facilities; posting and placement of diagrams and models.
      • Section 11-46-49 Election officers for voting machines; duties.
      • Section 11-46-50 Identification of voters where voting machines used; voting procedure; assistance of voters; provisional ballot.
      • Section 11-46-51 Instruction of voters in use of machines; oath, etc., of disabled voters; assistance of voters.
      • Section 11-46-52 Closing of polls; locking of machines; announcement of results; statements of canvass; proclamation; disposition of voting materials.
      • Section 11-46-53 Voting machines to remain locked during period for filing of contests; when seals of machines may be broken; disposition of records taken from machines.
      • Section 11-46-54 Designation, etc., of custodians of voting machines and keys; transportation, storage, and protection of machines.
      • Section 11-46-55 Canvassing of returns and certificate of election; determination of majority; runoff elections.
      • Section 11-46-55.1
      • Section 11-46-56 Absentee ballots - Eligibility.
      • Section 11-46-57 Absentee ballots - Casting and handling of ballots; duties and compensation of clerks, etc., generally; applicability of other laws.
      • Section 11-46-58 Absentee ballots - Marking, posting, etc., of lists of applicants.
      • Section 11-46-59 Offenses of mayor and other executive officers.
      • Section 11-46-60 Offenses of clerks.
      • Section 11-46-61 Offenses of election officers generally.
      • Section 11-46-62 Offenses of inspectors.
      • Section 11-46-63 Failure of returning officer to deliver statement of votes and poll list.
      • Section 11-46-64 Deception of disabled voters by marker, etc.
      • Section 11-46-65 Drinking of intoxicating liquors by watcher.
      • Section 11-46-67 Offenses of electors.
      • Section 11-46-68 Miscellaneous offenses.
      • Section 11-46-69 Contest of elections - Grounds; commencement of action.
      • Section 11-46-70 Contest of elections - Trial; entry of judgment.
      • Section 11-46-71 Annulment of elections.
      • Section 11-46-72 Procedure where election not held on day appointed.
      • Section 11-46-73 Provisions of article as to offenses cumulative.
      • Section 11-46-74 Use of election dates established by classification act or local act.
      Article 3 Elections in Certain Cities or Towns Having Commission Form of Government
      • Section 11-46-111 Assistance of disabled electors generally.
      • Section 11-46-112 Forms of oaths to be taken by and for challenged voters; penalty for false oath; refusal to take oath.
      • Section 11-46-113 Number of electors allowed in polling place; time limit, etc., for occupation of booth.
      • Section 11-46-114 Right of secret ballot; write-in voting prohibited.
      • Section 11-46-115 Votes not to be counted until polls closed; disposition of poll lists and affidavits; counting of ballots.
      • Section 11-46-116 Preparation of statements of vote; certification, sealing, and delivery of statements and poll lists; packaging of ballots; sealing and delivery of ballot boxes.
      • Section 11-46-117 Delivery of returns, etc., to governing body; retention and destruction of ballot boxes generally; when ballot boxes may be opened.
      • Section 11-46-118 Delivery, examination, and identification of keys to voting machines; examination of ballots, counters, etc.; certification as to keys, counters, and ballots; opening of machines and polls.
      • Section 11-46-119 Provision of election materials and supplies; preparation of lighting facilities; posting and placement of diagrams and models.
      • Section 11-46-120 Election officers for voting machines; duties.
      • Section 11-46-121 Identification of voters where voting machines used; voting procedure generally; assistance of voters generally; challenges to voters.
      • Section 11-46-122 Instruction of voters in use of machines; oath, etc., of disabled voters; assistance of voters.
      • Section 11-46-123 Closing of polls; locking of machines; announcement of results; statements of canvass; proclamation; disposition of voting materials.
      • Section 11-46-124 Voting machines to remain locked during period for filing of contests; when seals of machines may be broken; disposition of records taken from machines.
      • Section 11-46-125 Designation, etc., of custodians of voting machines and keys; transportation, storage, and protection of machines.
      • Section 11-46-126 Canvassing of returns, declaration of election result, and issuance of certificate of election by board of commissioners; runoff elections.
      • Section 11-46-127 Absentee ballots - Eligibility.
      • Section 11-46-128 Absentee ballots - Casting and handling of ballots generally; duties of registers, clerks, etc., generally; applicability of other laws relating to absentee voting.
      • Section 11-46-129 Absentee ballots - Marking, posting, etc., of lists of applicants for absentee ballots.
      • Section 11-46-130 Offenses of mayors and other executive officers.
      • Section 11-46-131 Offenses of clerks.
      • Section 11-46-132 Offenses of election officers generally.
      • Section 11-46-133 Offenses of inspectors.
      • Section 11-46-134 Failure of returning officer to deliver statement of votes and poll list.
      • Section 11-46-135 Deception of disabled voter by marker, etc.
      • Section 11-46-136 Drinking of intoxicating liquors by watcher.
      • Section 11-46-138 Offenses of electors.
      • Section 11-46-139 Miscellaneous offenses.
      • Section 11-46-140 Contest of elections - Grounds; commencement of action.
      • Section 11-46-141 Contest of elections - Trial; entry of judgment.
      • Section 11-46-142 Annulment of elections.
      • Section 11-46-143 Procedure where election not held on day appointed.
      • Section 11-46-144 Provisions of article as to offenses cumulative.
      • Section 11-46-145 Use of election dates established by classification act or local act.

Title 12 - COURTS

  • Chapter 24 - RECUSAL FOR CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS
    • Section 12-24-3 Recusal of a justice or judge due to campaign contribution; rebuttable presumption; appeal

Title 17 - Elections

Title 21 - HANDICAPPED PERSONS

  • Chapter 4 - ACCESSIBILITY TO AND USE OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES BY PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED PERSONS
    Article 2 Accessibility of Registration and Polling Places

Title 28 - INTOXICATING LIQUOR, MALT BEVERAGES, AND WINE

  • Chapter 2 - ELECTIONS AS TO SALE AND DISTRIBUTION OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES WITHIN COUNTIES
    Article 1 General Provisions
    • Section 28-2-1 Procedure for elections to determine classification of counties as wet or dry counties; laws applicable in dry counties.
    Article 2 Special Method Referendum
    • Section 28-2-20 Short title.
    • Section 28-2-21 Petitioners for election under Section 28-2-1 may request election on adoption of this article; question to be asked voters.
    • Section 28-2-22 Conditions governing sale of alcoholic beverages in county and municipalities therein where majority of voters approve sale and distribution under article; penalty for violation of section.
    • Section 28-2-23 Levy and collection of tax upon sale of malt beverages by counties or municipalities permitting sale under article; disposition of proceeds from tax.
    • Section 28-2-24 Counties not authorized to conduct referenda under provisions of Section 28-2-21.
    • Section 28-2-25 Applicability of other provisions of title, etc., in county adopting article.
  • Chapter 2A - ELECTIONS AS TO SALE AND DISTRIBUTION OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES WITHIN MUNICIPALITIES
    • Section 28-2A-1 Procedure for wet or dry classification option elections.
    • Section 28-2A-1.1 Ratification and confirmation of option elections and related taxes and licenses.
    • Section 28-2A-2 Distribution of funds pursuant to Chapters 3 and 28 of Title 40.
    • Section 28-2A-3 Legislative intent.
    • Section 28-2A-4 Elections in municipalities in same county with populations of 4,000 or more.

Title 31 - MILITARY AFFAIRS AND CIVIL DEFENSE

  • Chapter 13 - ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

Title 36 - PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

  • Chapter 14 - SECRETARY OF STATE
    • Section 36-14-18 Performance of duties under Alabama Fair Campaign Practices Act.
  • Chapter 25 - CODE OF ETHICS FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS, EMPLOYEES, ETC
    • Section 36-25-1 Definitions.
    • Section 36-25-4 State Ethics Commission - Duties; complaint; investigation; hearings; fees; finding of violation.
    • Section 36-25-5.2 Public disclosure of information regarding officials, candidates, or spouses employed by or contracting with the state or federal government.
    • Section 36-25-6 Use of contributions.
    • Section 36-25-13 Actions of former public officials or public employees prohibited for two years after departure.
    • Section 36-25-14 Filing of statement of economic interests.
    • Section 36-25-15 Candidates required to file statements of economic interests; official to notify commission of name of candidate; failure to submit statement.
    • Section 36-25-27 Penalties; enforcement; jurisdiction, venue, judicial review; limitations period.

Canons of Judicial Ethics